vascular disease

VENUM (Vascular Education iN Undergraduate Medicine) Protocol

May 11, 2022

Background Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is most commonly an atherosclerotic condition affecting the lower limbs, which usually manifests as muscle pain during exertion.1 The gold standard of PAD diagnosis, an ankle brachial pressure index (ABPI) of <0.9, can be done at the bedside.1 PAD affects up to 5% of patients aged 60–69 years, increasing to…

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